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Sunday, August 2, 2020 | History

2 edition of Alternative methods for disposal of low-level radioactive wastes found in the catalog.

Alternative methods for disposal of low-level radioactive wastes

Colin C. McAneny

Alternative methods for disposal of low-level radioactive wastes

technical requirements for mined cavity disposal of low-level waste

by Colin C. McAneny

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Published by U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Division of Waste Management, Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards in Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Radioactive waste disposal.,
  • Waste disposal in the ground.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementprepared by C.C. McAneny.
    ContributionsU.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Division of Nuclear Material Safety., U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxi, 50 p. :
    Number of Pages50
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL21354883M

    The Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act specifies that each state must be responsible for providing capacity to dispose of low-level radioactive waste generated within its borders, and it encourages states to enter into compacts to establish regional disposal sites. 42 U.S.C. § bf. The Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) is a specialised agency within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), an intergovernmental organisation of industrialised countries, based in Paris, France. The mission of the NEA is to assist its Member countries in maintaining and further developing, through international co-operation, the scientific, technological and legal bases.

    Section 4 Safe Disposal of Radioactive Materials/Waste Table of Contents ) Radioactive Waste Management Policy ) Radioactive Waste Minimization Program ) Radioactive Waste Storage ) Evaluation of Waste Activity ) Segregation ) Shipping Manifests/Recordkeeping. Low-level waste (LLW) is nuclear waste that does not fit into the categorical definitions for intermediate-level waste (ILW), high-level waste (HLW), spent nuclear fuel (SNF), transuranic waste (TRU), or certain byproduct materials known as 11e(2) wastes, such as uranium mill essence, it is a definition by exclusion, and LLW is that category of radioactive wastes that do not fit.

    EPA / A METHODS MANUAL for SEDIMENT MONITORING AT DEEP-OCEAN LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL SITES edited by James S. Booth Atlantic Marine Geology Branch U.S. Geological Survey Woods Hole, Massachusetts August Prepared in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under Interagency Agreement DW Project .   This nuclear fuel cycle would combine two innovations: pyrometallurgical processing (a high-temperature method of recycling reactor waste into .


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Alternative methods for disposal of low-level radioactive wastes by Colin C. McAneny Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Alternative methods for disposal of low-level radioactive wastes. [Robert D Bennett; U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Division of Waste Management.; Geotechnical Laboratory (U.S.);]. Alternative Methods for Disposal of Low-Level Radioactive Wastes Task 2b: Technical Requirements for Aboveground Vault Disposal of Low-Level Radioactive Waste Manuscript Completed: August Date Published: October Prepared by.

Bennett, J. Warriner Geotechnical Laboratory U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station. Evaluation of alternative methods for the disposal of low-level radioactive wastes. [Washington]: Nuclear Regulatory Commission [Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards, Division of Waste Management], Low-Level Waste Branch ; Springfield, Va.: For sale by the National Technical Information Service, (OCoLC) Material Type.

Get this from a library. Licensing of alternative methods of disposal of low-level radioactive waste: branch technical position, Low-Level Waste Licensing Branch.

[L B Higginbotham; K S Dragonette; C L Pittiglio; U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Division of Waste Management.]. Alternative Methods for Disposal of Low-Level Radioactive Wastes Task 2d: Technical Requirements for Mined Cavity Disposal of Low-Level Waste Manuscript Completed: September Date Published: October Prepared by C.

McAneny Geotechnical Laboratory U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station P.O. Box Vicksburg, MS   The Low-level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of gave the states responsibility for the disposal of their low-level radioactive waste.

The Act encouraged the states to enter into compacts that would allow them to dispose of waste at a common disposal facility. Most states have entered into compacts; however, only one new disposal.

The belowground vault disposal alternative is one of several methods that may be proposed for disposal of low-level radioactive waste.

In this report, the term belowground vault disposal refers to a near-surface disposal alternative in which the wastes would be disposed of more» in vaults constructed below ground in excavations and covered.

Most of the nuclear waste produced (around 90% by volume) is low level waste, but only 1% of the total radioactivity of all radioactive waste.

ILW (Intermediate Level Waste) makes up about 7% of all nuclear waste, and 4% of the total radioactivity. It is too radioactive to be regarded as LLW, but doesn’t produce enough heat to be regarded as HLW. IAEA () established a waste classification system to assist in identifying disposal options appropriate for each class of waste.

This system is shown in Table This system is not a performance-based system, in which safety assessment is used to establish waste concentrations appropriate for near-surface disposal. Get this from a library. Screening of alternative methods for the disposal of low-level radioactive wastes.

[Paul Macbeth; D E Christensen; G Wehmann; Burton J Thamer; Ford, Bacon & Davis Utah Inc.; U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Division of Fuel Cycle and Material Safety.]. EPRI Informs Environmentally Sound Management and Disposal, Enables Millions in Savings.

By Chris Warren. The bulk of the radioactive waste generated by nuclear power plants is classified as low-level fact, the World Nuclear Association reports that just about 3% of power plant radioactive waste is considered high-level waste (primarily used nuclear fuel).

evaluate alternative disposal methods. An NRC contractor report prepared by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers entitled "Alternative Methods for Disposal of Low-Level Radioactive Wastes" (NUREG/CR) was published in six volumes: * Volume 1, published in Aprilexamined the applicability of 10 CFR Alternative methods for disposal of low-level radioactive wastes.

Volume 2. Task 2a. Technical requirements for belowground vault disposal of low-level radioactive waste. The shaft disposal alternative is one of several methods that may be proposed for disposal of low-level radioactive waste.

In this report, the term shaft disposal refers to a near-surface disposal alternative in which the wastes would be disposed of in shafts or boreholes augered, bored, or sunk by any other conventional method.

Get this from a library. Recommendations to the NRC for review criteria for alternative methods of low-level radioactive waste disposal. [Robert H Denson; U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Division of Low-Level Waste Management and Decommissioning.; U.S. Army. @article{osti_, title = {Low-level radioactive waste from commercial nuclear reactors.

Volume 2. Treatment, storage, disposal, and transportation technologies and constraints}, author = {Jolley, R. and Dole, L. and Godbee, H. and Kibbey, A. and Oyen, L. and Robinson, S.

and Rodgers, B. and Tucker, Jr., R. F.}, abstractNote = {The overall task of this program was to. Waste retrieval at Sellafield. The NDA’s Strategic Objective for radioactive waste is: “to manage radioactive waste and dispose of it where possible, or place it in safe, secure and suitable.

@article{osti_, title = {Characterization of Class A low-level radioactive waste Volume 4: Appendices A--E}, author = {Dehmel, J C and Loomis, D and Mauro, J and Kaplan, M}, abstractNote = {Under contract to the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, the firms of S.

Cohen & Associates, Inc. (SC&A) and Eastern Research Group (ERG) have. Disposal facility for low level radioactive waste (LLW).

Near surface disposal: disposal in a facility consisting of engineered channels or vaults constructed on the ground surface or up to a few tens of meters below ground d (Nuclear News, November ) Other articles where Radioactive waste is discussed: nuclear power: Radioactive-waste disposal: Spent nuclear reactor fuel and the waste stream generated by fuel reprocessing contain radioactive materials and must be conditioned for permanent disposal.

The amount of waste coming out of the nuclear fuel cycle is very small compared with the amount of waste generated. the disposal of most types of non-high-level radioactive waste. In the late ’s, low-level waste (LLRW) generators in the U.S.

were threatened with losing access to the existing disposal sites because of State concerns about safety and equity. Since then, a comprehensive regulatory. The radioactive waste treatment in such an incineration facility, followed by ash compaction, reduces the waste volume by a factor of up to (Lausch and Rittmeyer, ).

Download: Download full-size image; Figure Flowchart of a facility for the incineration of low-level radioactive waste. Courtesy of WAK GmbH, Karlsruhe, Germany.Radioactive waste disposal The cost of disposing of radioactive waste is on the order of ten times that of disposing of municipal solid waste.

The design of radioactive waste disposal systems is guided by the philosophy of "confine and contain". Waste is treated to the point that, when placed in final disposal, it will not leak, leach, or fragment.